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11 Things You Didn’t Know About Gemstones, Precious Metals and Jewelry

That will blow your mind.

1. The average age of diamonds varies from one to three million years old.

Diamonds are as old as some dinosaurs!

Diamonds are as old as some dinosaurs!

2. In Asia, the people swallow pearls whole and powdered for medicinal purposes

To this day, pearls are eaten for medicinal reasons. Don't try this at home for obvious reasons.

To this day, pearls are ingested! Invest don’t ingest!

3. Pure gold is always yellow in color, but it is much too soft to wear.

Melts in your hand, not your mouth. Oops, that M&Ms.

You’ll be golden with a few of these nuggets.

4. Lapis Lazuli was used by the Ancient Egyptians in the form of powder as eye shadow.

Talk about expensive makeup!

Talk about expensive makeup!

5. The only black gemstone that exists is the jet, composed of carbonized wood and coal, and usually comes from fossilized trees.

Don't jet, have a jet!

Don’t fret, have a jet!

6. Garnet comes from the Latin word granatum, which also means pomegranate.

These look good enough to eat!

These look good enough to eat!

7. Blonde-haired women used to don opals to protect the blonde color of their hair.

Give an opal to your Opal, oppa!

Having an opal is probably better than sunbathing.

8. Sapphires and rubies are mined together; both are a type of corundum mineral. Rubies are red due to chromium impurities, while sapphires get their color from iron, titanium, and chromium impurities. They are virtually indistinguishable other than color.

They're basically twins with different dye jobs.

They’re basically twins with different dye jobs.

9. Men wore jewelry before women did; they even wore heels before women.

Rock those pearls, sir!

Rock those pearls, dude!

10. The ocean actually contains gold; it is assumed there is nearly 20 million tons of gold under the mysterious surface.

Grown on trees? Not quite.

Grown on trees? Not quite.

11. Emeralds were Cleopatra’s favorite gemstone.

Ours too, Cleo!

Ours too, Cleo!

Sweetheart, Have Some Candy!

Recently, eating candy has become less of a trend. With a health-conscious society, filling your mouth full of sweet concoctions that will ultimately cause cavities is undesirably. We have healthy, fun alternative to chocolates and sweets; wearing them. Ears, neck, fingers, all these places are just perfect places to store your Sweethearts Candy Hearts or HERSHEY’s Kiss. It’s a new fashion trend of the new year; get your own today!

Sweethearts & HERSHEY's candy jewelry

Sweethearts & HERSHEY’s candy jewelry

Red Diamond – The Rarest of Them All

One of the rarest types of gemstone in the world is the red diamond. To date, there are less than fifty red diamonds known in existence. A reddish-orange 3.15-carat fancy red diamond will be offered at Christie’s Sale of Magnificent Jewels on December 10th. This diamond is a circular cut diamond with a S12 clarity. In addition, it is even more so rare for a red diamond of over 1.0-carat to exist. Christie’s has estimated that the diamond will sell for up to $1.2 million.

red-diamond-christie's

The value of a red diamond is dependent on the intensity of color. The strong the hue, the more valuable the red diamond; a faint red diamond will be a much less value than a fancy vivid red hue. The high color saturation of the red-orange color is what will give this diamond a high price tag. Researches attribute the stark red color to the small quantities of nitrogen or hydrogen introduced during the development process, creating a unique crystal lattice structure.

Another highlight at the upcoming auction is a 50.01-carat rectangular cut diamond in platinum ring by Graft with two baguette-cut diamond accents that is estimated to sell at $10 million. Brand name jewelry sellers will be also sold at the auction, such as Tiffany & Co., Van Cleef & Arpels, Cartier, and more.

christie's-auction-diamond

Alternatives to Traditional White & Yellow Gold

purple goldRose gold, also known as pink gold, Russian gold, and red gold, is a metal mixture that contains metals that have a red or pink sort of hue, such as copper or zinc. Other metals that can be combined are silver, in a very low percentage. A popular type of rose gold is called crown gold, it is approximately 75% gold and 22% copper and some silver. 14K red gold is a popular choice in the Middle East, a type of rose gold containing 42% copper and 58% gold. Metal components, may vary in percentage, mix, and variation, to create the exact type of brilliant color the jeweler so desires.

Although the names of this type of gold are interchangeable, the difference between pink, red, and rose gold is the content of copper or zinc. The stronger the copper content, the stronger the color red color. There are multitudes of different type of wedding band types, some you most likely have never heard of such as purple gold. Listed below for your convenience is an approximate percentage of metals that make up these unique metallic compositions.

Gold Type Components
18K Rose Gold 75% gold
22.25% copper
2.75% silver
14K Red Gold 58% gold
42% copper
18K Pink Gold 75% gold
20% copper
5% silver
18K Gray-White Gold 75% gold
17% iron
8% copper
18K Soft Green Gold 75% gold
25% silver
18K Light Green Gold 75% gold
23% copper,
2% cadmium
18K Green Gold 75% gold
20% silver
5% copper
18K Deep Green Gold 75% gold
15% silver
6% copper
4% cadmium
18K Blue White/Blue Gold 75% gold
25% iron
Purple Gold 80% gold
20% aluminum

We recommend, if you are looking for a certain type of wedding band, to something below 18K. The purity of the gold may be lower, but it is more sturdy. If you work with your hands a lot, we do not recommend 18K gold in the use of jewelry to be worn on your hands. If you are going to choose a karat 18K or higher, we advise it to be in jewelry that is not worn daily and not worn on body parts that are often used like feet or hands.

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All About Gold: Types, Karat, Composition, Durability (TKCD)

Stamps:
In the United States of America, it is required by the National Gold and Silver Marking Act of 1906, that all gold products be marked with a stamp of at least 1.5 karat of the stamp. It is considered unlawful to willfully stamp jewelry that is not a certain percent gold. This is the standard of fineness in gold jewelry. If there is ever a time you receive a piece of jewelry from GEMaffair.com that does not have a gold stamp, please contact us so we can have your jewelry appropriately stamped. Mistakes rarely occur, but when they do we will stand by our products.

Gold (Yellow & White):
GarnetGold is by far the most popular type of metal quality used when making jewelry. The most popular karat used in jewelry is 14K. A question we get far too often is, “What’s the difference between karats and what type of karat will last a long time?” If you are measuring a piece of 10K jewelry against one that is 14K, you can expect the 14K weight to be more, because gold is heavier than the other metals mixed with the gold. Pure gold is not typically used in gold jewelry. While it is the most expensive and most malleable type of gold, it is not durable. Listed below are the various components and percentile of gold within yellow gold jewelry

Metal Percent Other Components
10K Yellow Gold 41.7% copper, silver, zinc, nickel
12K Yellow Gold 50% copper, silver, zinc, nickel
14K Yellow Gold 58.5% copper, silver, zinc, nickel
16K Yellow Gold 66% copper, silver, zinc, nickel
18K Yellow Gold 75% copper, silver, zinc, nickel
20K Yellow Gold 83% copper, silver, zinc, nickel
22K Yellow Gold 91% copper, silver, zinc, nickel
24K Yellow Gold 99.9% copper, silver, zinc, nickel, x<0.1%

White gold is made up of other metallic components in contrast to yellow gold. It was first introduced in an attempt to imitate platinum. While yellow gold is almost always the same components (percent varying) to give it that ‘yellow’ color, white gold describes any gold metal combination with a white hue. Often, platinum will be used for a greater/heavier weight and durability as one of the components of white gold; the percentage of other metals in white gold ranges in percent and type of metal.

White gold can be made up of nickel (which is good for malleability), palladium, manganese, titanium, platinum, and more. The design and type of ring are often predetermined by jewelers before they are made. 22K to 24K white gold bands do not exist. By definition, white gold contains a white hue, and 24K pure gold is a yellow metal. It is difficult to remove all other particles from yellow gold, so pure gold is typically 99.9% gold metal.

Metal Percent Other Components
10K White Gold 41.7% usually nickel, palladium or manganese
12K White Gold 50% usually nickel, palladium or manganese
14K White Gold 58.5% usually nickel, palladium or manganese
16K White Gold 66% usually nickel, palladium or manganese
18K White Gold 75% usually nickel, palladium or manganese
20K White Gold 83% usually nickel, palladium or manganese
22K White Gold 91% Does not exist
24K White Gold 100% CANNOT COMPUTE, DOES NOT EXIST

Next UP in PART II, we will cover PURPLE gold as well as a brief history and explanation for why 10K gold in Brazil is still considered gold, but in Europe the lowest gold rating is 18K. Tune in and subscribe!

Aside

Congrats to Anne Hathaway and Adam Shulman on their long-time coming marriage. Our princess is now a posh queen, her king charming there to pick up the pieces after Raffaello Follieri in 2008. Hathaway’s engagement ring is the epitome of … Continue reading

Celtic – Trinity Knot & Shamrocks Oh My!

Celtic jewelry is one of the most popular types of jewelry due to its subtle beauty and great, deep meaning. It’s as lovely and meaningful as a field of daisies on a spring, dewy morning. The icing on the cake is that you definitely do not have to be of Irish descent to don one of these significant pieces of jewelry.

Celtic Cross – Found all throughout Ireland, England, Scotland, and bordering Celtic islands, the Celtic cross is a kind of ornate cross that dates to the periods of the Druids and St. Patrick. The cross itself can come in an array of designs and symbols.

Celtic SpiralsCeltic Spirals – The triple celtic spiral is also known as the triskele, is symbolic of the “Three realms”, land, sea and sky. It is also thought to be symbolic of human pregnancy, each period broken up into three trimesters so it also makes sense it’s symbolic of fertility as well. It’d be a most excellent gift for a recently pregnant woman.

Shamrock – Good luck, that’s what most people think when they hear about a shamrock. However, it’s said that St. Patrick picked up a three-leaf clover to demonstrate the holy trinity while he was preaching. The Shamrock possibly wards off bad spirits.

Celtic Knots – The knots, in essence, are never ending. It stands for “no beginning, no ending” and a binding together of two souls or spirits. Many of these knots have been so popular that Christianity has often adopted it into their manuscripts and artifacts. Knots with a square shape are characterized by shields, symbols of protections.

Trinity KnotTrinity knot, a kind of Celtic Knot– A simple, Celtic symbol is the trinity knot. Like the shamrock, the three sided knot was metaphoric for the trinity, father son and holy spirit. It’s also associated with the number three such as the stages of womanhood: maid, mother, crone or elements like earth, fire, and water. The trinity knot has existed long before the Celtic cross.

Tree of life – This symbol is easy to explain, as it’s a common symbol in many cultures. At one point in time, Britain was covered by a lush, mighty forest. With roots that were deep within the earth, and branches that were often interlocked, the tree of life has become a meaningful representation of life, heaven and earth.